One, often open windows for ventilation.
Open windows every morning, evening and night for no less than 30 minutes each time. When ventilating, children can be moved to another room to avoid colds.
Second, keep the home surface clean.
The frequently contacted surfaces such as desktops and floors must be kept clean. If family members go out or outsiders visit, disinfect door handles, telephones, mobile phones, and TV remote controls if necessary. Children's items, such as toys and tableware, should be disinfected regularly.
Third.Handle mouth and nose secretions in time.
Parents should not cough or sneeze at children. Do not try to chew food with your mouth and feed your child, including not blowing food with your mouth to feed your child. Do not share tableware with children. If you want to cough or sneeze, you must cover your mouth and nose with a tissue. After the end, throw the contaminated tissue into a closed trash can and wash your hands with running water. If you have no time to take the tissue, you should cover your mouth and nose completely with your arms.
Fourth, reduce going out, if you need to go out, you must do a good job of protection.
Children should not go to places with dense staff and confined spaces. Do not visit relatives and friends, and do not contact people with symptoms of respiratory infections.
Fifth, choose and wear masks correctly.
It is recommended that children and adolescents choose mask products that meet national standards and are suitable. Children wear with the help of parents, carefully read and correctly understand the instructions for use, to master the correct use of respiratory protective equipment. Children younger than 1 year old should go out as much as possible, mainly passive protection, that is, indirect protection of children by the protection of parents, family members, caregivers. Parents should always pay attention to the wearing of children's masks. If children feel uncomfortable while wearing masks, they should adjust or stop using them at any time.
Six, pay attention to hand hygiene.
Children should wash their hands in time after returning home, before and after meals, or after coughing or sneezing. When you wash your hands, you need to use running water, and at the same time, carefully rub each part of your hands with soap or hand sanitizer. You can wash your face after washing your hands.
Seventh, avoid using electronic products and watching TV for a long time.
Children should not use electronic products for more than 15 minutes for non-learning use, and no more than 1 hour accumulatively per day. After 30 to 40 minutes of studying on the Internet, you should rest or look out for 10 minutes to get your eyes fully rested, or close your eyes and rest for 5 to 10 minutes.
Eight, change the bad eye habits.
Do not read or use electronic products while eating or lying in bed. Do not read or write in the dark or direct sunlight.
Nine, moderate exercise
Appropriate amount of exercise can enhance children's physical fitness and enhance antibodies. To avoid the virus, parents can accompany their children to exercise together.
Ten, to ensure adequate sleep and nutrition.
It is recommended that primary school students sleep for 10 hours a day, 9 hours for junior high school students, and 8 hours for high school students. Children and adolescents need balanced nutrition. They are not picky eaters, eclipse eaters, or overeating, and drink no less than 1500 ml of water every day. Mainly dinner, reasonable breakfast, a small amount of snacks, a variety of food, meat and vegetables. It is recommended to eat fish, meat, eggs, milk, beans, nuts and other foods properly, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and supplement vitamins and dietary fiber.
Eleven, follow the principles of safety, science, moderation and diversity for indoor exercise.
The amount of exercise should be moderate, mainly low to medium intensity, and the body should sweat slightly. Keep warm and rest after exercise. It is recommended to do 15 to 20 minutes of home fitness in the morning, afternoon and evening. Children are mainly sensitive, flexible, coordinated and balanced exercises. Teenagers can add speed, small strength, and some cardiopulmonary endurance exercises. You can use bottled mineral water at home to simulate small dumbbells for simple strength exercises.
Twelfth,Pay attention to children's mental health.
Parents should take the initiative to learn and understand the correct knowledge of the new coronary pneumonia prevention and control, adjust their emotions, maintain a stable state of mind, spend more time with the child, communicate with the child, pass positive energy, and tell the child through examples, stories, etc. What happened, explain basic, simple prevention and control knowledge. Parents should guide their children to study independently and live a regular life, maintaining a stable rhythm of life.
Thirteen, do a good job of health monitoring.
During the epidemic, if a child has symptoms such as coughing and fever, but it is determined that there is no going out, no contact with a patient or an infected person, the child's body temperature can be monitored first, and a common respiratory infection can be treated at home. If the body temperature does not drop continuously, or if the cough becomes worse, there is difficulty in breathing, or the mental state is not good, it is recommended to go to the hospital where the pediatric clinic is set up and follow the doctor's instructions for examination and treatment.
In fact, the method to prevent the new crown virus is not complicated. The key lies in the attention to details of life and the development of hygienic habits. For parents with babies at home, it is necessary to protect the safety of adults and pay special attention to the health of children. Establish a good health awareness, so that the virus can take advantage of it.