The Director General of the World Health Organization Tan Desai gave advice at a press conference on basic advice on how to prevent COVID-19, including regular cleaning of hands and objects, avoiding travel during fever or cough.
First, wash your hands regularly with an alcohol-free hand sanitizer or soap and water. Hand contact with contaminated objects or patients before touching the face is one of the ways of virus transmission, so cleaning your hands can reduce the risk of virus transmission.
Second, regularly use disinfectant to clean the surface of items, such as kitchen tables and chairs and desks.
Third, self-learn about the new coronavirus pneumonia, but make sure that the information comes from reliable sources such as local or national public health agencies, the WHO website, and local health professionals. For most people, the initial symptoms after infection with the new coronavirus are fever and dry cough, not runny nose. Most infected people are mild and can get better without any special care.
Fourth, avoid travel during fever or cough. If you get sick during the flight, you should notify the crew immediately. Immediately after returning home, you should contact the medical staff and tell them where you have been.
Fifth, cover or use tissues when coughing or sneezing. When the tissues are used up, they should be thrown into the closed trash bin immediately and then wash your hands.
Sixth, people over 60 years old or have basic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, diabetes, etc., the risk of serious illness after infection with new coronavirus may be higher. Such people should take extra precautions, such as avoiding crowded places or places where they may interact with patients.
Seventh, if you feel uncomfortable, please stay at home and call a doctor or local medical staff, they will ask about your symptoms, where you have been, and who you have been in contact with. This will help to get the right advice or go to the right health care facility according to the guidelines, and can prevent the infection of others.
Eighth, stay at home when you are sick, separate meals and sleep from your family, and use different tableware.
Ninth, if you have shortness of breath, you should seek medical treatment immediately.
Tenth, feeling anxious during the epidemic is normal and understandable, especially when living in a country or community affected by the epidemic. Please understand the community's measures to prevent and control the epidemic, and discuss how to ensure safety in the workplace, schools, etc.
Tan Desai also emphasized that WHO provides general guidance, and individuals should also follow the guidance of their country and consult local health professionals.